What food poisons horses?

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By Rachel

Quick Peek:

Hey there, horse lovers! Did you know that some fruits can be harmful to your equine friends? Fruits like apples and apricots have pits and seeds that contain cyanide compounds, which can be toxic to horses. So, before you offer your horse a peach or nectarine, make sure to remove the pit first. And while we’re at it, avoid giving your horse chocolate, avocado, onions, garlic, and tomato leaves and stems too. Keep your horse healthy and happy!

Fruit Seeds and Pits: A Surprising Danger for Your Horse

As a horse enthusiast, you want nothing but the best for your equine companion. You carefully choose their feed, make sure they have plenty of water, and give them the occasional treat. But did you know that some fruits can actually be poisonous to horses? It’s true! Some fruits, like apples and apricots, have pits or seeds that contain cyanide compounds, which can be toxic in large quantities.

The Danger of Cyanide

Cyanide is a deadly poison that can cause respiratory failure, seizures, and even death in horses. While the amount of cyanide in fruit pits and seeds is usually small, it can build up over time if your horse is eating a lot of fruit. Large pits can also cause choke, which can be a life-threatening condition if not treated promptly.

Which Fruits to Avoid

So, which fruits should you avoid giving your horse? Apples and apricots are two of the biggest culprits, as they both have pits that contain cyanide. Other fruits to watch out for include peaches, nectarines, cherries, and plums. While these fruits are generally safe in small quantities, it’s best to avoid giving them to your horse altogether.

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How to Safely Feed Your Horse Fruit

If you do decide to give your horse fruit as a treat, there are a few things you can do to make sure they stay safe. First, always remove the pits and seeds before giving your horse any fruit. This will reduce the risk of choking and cyanide poisoning. You should also limit the amount of fruit you give your horse, and make sure they have access to plenty of fresh water.

Other Foods to Avoid

Fruit pits and seeds aren’t the only foods that can be poisonous to horses. In fact, there are several other foods you should avoid giving your equine companion. These include:

– Chocolate: Chocolate contains theobromine, which can cause heart problems and seizures in horses.
– Avocado: Avocado contains a toxin called persin, which can cause heart damage and respiratory distress in horses.
– Onions and garlic: These foods can cause anemia in horses if eaten in large quantities.
– Tomatoes: While the fruit itself is generally safe, the leaves and stems of the tomato plant contain a toxin called solanine, which can be deadly to horses.


As a horse enthusiast, it’s important to be aware of the foods that can be poisonous to your equine companion. While fruit can be a healthy and tasty treat for your horse, it’s important to be cautious and avoid giving them fruits with pits or seeds. By taking these simple precautions, you can help keep your horse happy and healthy for years to come.

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